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2. can someone give me a link that helps discuss hybridization - i dont really get it and i need help understanding it and trying to figure it out around central atoms. thanks.

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- Thread starter dnt
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- #1

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2. can someone give me a link that helps discuss hybridization - i dont really get it and i need help understanding it and trying to figure it out around central atoms. thanks.

- #2

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2. I'm not really sure what that is...

- #3

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like sp2, sp3, etc...stuff like that.

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GCT

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- #6

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It's been a while since I did this but this website gave a decent review on hybridization

http://chemistry.boisestate.edu/rbanks/inorganic/bonding%20and%20hybridization/bonding_hybridization.htm [Broken]

http://chemistry.boisestate.edu/rbanks/inorganic/bonding%20and%20hybridization/bonding_hybridization.htm [Broken]

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confused? let's make it all clear with a couple examples

first we take up NH(3) (Ammonia)

Now, the central atom in ammonia is nitrogen, which has five valence electrons, three of them are shared by the hydrogens, and two are left unshared.

So the total number of Electron Pairs? There are 3 bond pairs and a lone pair, which makes the number 4, which means there are four hybridized orbitals.

Which Hybridization has 4 orbitals? sp3.

I hope this helps you, if there are any further questions, ask away.

- #8

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this a small technique to calculate the hybridzation quickly.

for example take [tex]CH_4[/tex],

add Carbons' 4 valence electrons with the total number of valence electrons in all the hydrogen in the compound and divide by 2 ,

[tex]\frac{4+4}{2}=4[/tex]

there four hybrid orbital hence it is sp3

similarly you can use this technique for other compounds also but when you have Oxygen or bivalent elements in the second place just ignore them and when you have ions take into consideration the no of electrons lost(cations) or gained(anions) by the chemical species.

here is some table that might help you

if there are 2 hybrid orbitals it is sp hybridized

if there are 3 hybrid orbitals it is sp2 hybridized

if there are 4 hybrid orbitals it is sp3 hybridized

if there are 5 hybrid orbitals it is sp3d hybridized

if there are 6 hybrid orbitals it is sp3d2 hybridized

if there are 7 hybrid orbitals it is sp3d3 hybridized

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